OTTOLENGHI, JOSEPH BEN NATHAN (d. 1570), rabbi of cremona , Italy. As head of the yeshivah, he made Cremona famous as a center of talmudic learning. Between 1558 and 1562 Ottolenghi published about 20 Hebrew works at the celebrated Riva di Trento press. He wrote novellae on the code of isaac alfasi and compiled an index to the Mordekhai (the code of mordecai b. hillel ). Some of his contemporaries (among them the historian joseph ha-kohen ) considered that the burning of the Talmud and Hebrew legal works in Cremona in 1559, when over 10,000 volumes were destroyed, was the consequence of a dispute between Ottolenghi and a certain Joshua de Cantori, aggravated by the interference of the apostate Vittorio Eliano. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Roth, Italy, 221, 303; Milano, Italia, 265, 620; J. Bloch, Hebrew Printing in Riva di Trento (1933), 3; I. Sonne, Expurgation of Hebrew Booksthe Work of Jewish Scholars (1943), 21–38. (Giorgio Romano)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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